Food, pharmaceutical, medical equipment factories, etc. need to be designed in accordance with GMP standards, and must be ensured in the process of using maintenance and repair regularly. , to avoid the case of not meeting the standard.
Maintenance of facilities:
GMP standards: The plant must be of appropriate size, architecture, design, facilitating maintenance and hygiene in the production of products.
This general GMP requirement covers a number of different conditions and standards related to pest control, construction and maintenance of works, including:
Background, wall and ceiling:
GMP requirements: companies and factories must be built to ensure that floors, walls and ceilings are relatively clean, and in good use
Besides visible pests such as insects or rodents, there are many smaller and difficult to see organisms that can damage processed products. These are called microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi – species that can appear on the surface of floors, walls and ceilings. Therefore, GMP requires your factory to be designed and built so that products, product surfaces, packaging materials are not contaminated and contaminated.
Is the factory’s floor, wall and ceiling constructed of durable, non-corrosive, non-absorbent materials for easy cleaning?
Floors, walls, ceilings and doors in areas of transport and storage of products must be waterproof, easy to clean. The selected material must not be fragile, scratched or easily corroded when stored, displayed, sanitized or under normal use conditions. The areas between the roof and the wall need to be waterproof to prevent water, the debris of the product does not accumulate in this area as well as on the wall or under the floor.
Even small debris on walls or floors can fall into the product and it is really a favorable environment for microorganisms to grow. These fragments or holes can lead to food poisoning. These places are also a place to attract pests such as insects and rodents.
Acceptable materials for floors, walls, ceilings and doors:
Supply: Specialized materials for decoration, factory equipment are very diverse.
Conditions and materials are not accepted
GMP TV: Materials that are susceptible to oxidation or excessive use of steel that cause rust will not be allowed to be used for doors, floors or walls because they are always contaminated.
The conditions as in the picture below do not meet the requirements under GMP regulations
Images are not accepted in GMP standards, products over time have caused rust and rust
Repair and maintenance:
Damaged floors, walls and ceilings or wood works provide refugees, nesting, breeding for harmful types and even they can spread to the entire building. Damaged places need to be replaced and repaired as soon as they are found.
The following figure shows the condition of not meeting GMP:
Tools are not compliant with GMP standards
What you can do
In order to meet GMP requirements that floors, walls and ceilings are in good condition, hygiene to avoid food contamination, food contact surfaces or packaging materials, you need to:
Evaluate materials and condition of all floors, walls and ceilings.
Repair or replacement of areas made of inappropriate, damaged, or non-hygienic materials.
Regularly check the status of floors, walls and ceilings to promptly handle damaged or inappropriate locations.
How to check
Conduct daily inspections of the status of all areas of the plant. Although the current GMP standard does not require monitoring records, you should keep a record of your test results for your own use. What is needed to repair the damage, you should also record it.
Prevent contamination by condensation and leaks
GMP standards: Plants and facilities should be constructed to prevent leaks or condensation from overhead furniture, pipes, cooling equipment from contaminated products, product contact surfaces or packaging material.
Human pathogens can grow rapidly in wet environments or steam on food contact surfaces. You must ensure no leaks, condensation contaminates the product.
Prevention strategy: Condensation is often combined with high humidity in furniture. Proper ventilation, air circulation and temperature control are essential to prevent condensation on ceilings, walls, overhead pipes, sprinklers or other areas.
You can also keep the product unpolluted by packaging or storing them in containers to avoid exposure to the outside environment. Product contact surfaces and packaging materials should also be protected from leaks and condensation.
The system image does not meet GMP requirements
Reference source: vitecphuongnam
For the floor of GMP factory floor, it is necessary to apply Vinyl or Epoxy coating and the floor must have firm floor grinding, there is no convex phenomenon on the floor of the submerged installation, drainage system, and floor drain mouth. Thus, it meets the conditions of GMP chemical resistance and prevents the development of dirt and prevents the entry of bacteria.See also: International standards organizations